Thursday, March 16, 2017

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Classroom English

Classroom Language: The beginning of the lesson

1. Good morning
Good morning, everybody.
Good afternoon, everybody.
Hello, everyone.
Hello there, James.

2. How are you?
How are you today, 미경?
How are you getting on?
How's life?
How are things with you, 은주?
Are you feeling better today, Bill?

3. Introductions
My name is Mr/Mrs/Ms Kim. I'm your new English teacher.
I'll be teaching you English this year.
I've got five lessons with you each week.

4. Time to begin
Let's begin our lesson now.
Is everybody ready to start?
I hope you are all ready for your English lesson.
I think we can start now.
Now we can get down to work.

5. Waiting to start
I'm waiting for you to be quiet.
We won't start until everyone is quiet.
Stop talking and be quiet.
Settle down now so we can start.

6. Put your things away
Close your books.
Put your books away.
Pack your things away.

7. Register
Who is absent today?.
Who isn't here today?
What's the matter with 은미 today?
What's wrong with Jim today?
Why were you absent last Friday, 인혜?

8. Late
Where have you been?
We started ten minutes ago. What have you been doing?.
Did you miss your bus?
Did you oversleep?
Don't let it happen again.
Classroom Language: Simple instructions
Here are some common instructions which the class can easily understand:

Come to the front of the class.
Stand by your desks.
Put your hands up.
Put your hands down.
Hold your books/pens up.
Show me your pencil.

A number of instructions can be used at the beginning of a session, and as the semester continues:
Pay attention, everybody.
You need pencils/rulers.
We'll learn how to ...
Are you ready?
Open your books at page ...
Turn to page ...
Look at activity five.
Listen to this tape.
Repeat after me.
Again, please.
You have five minutes to do this.
Who's next?
Like this, not like that.

A number of instructions can be used at the end of a session, and as the semester continues:
It's time to finish.
Have you finished?
Let's stop now.
Let's check the answers.
Collect your work please.
Pack up your books.
Are your desks tidy?
Don't forget to bring your ... tomorrow.

Instructions can also be sequenced:
First  ,   Next  , After that  ,    Then  ,   Finally

Comprehension language:
Are you ready?
Are you with me?
OK so far?
Do you get it?
Do you understand?
Do you follow me?
What did you say?
One more time, please.
Say it again, please.
I don't understand.
I don't get it.
Is this OK?

Classroom Language: The end of the lesson
1. Time to stop

It's almost time to stop.
I'm afraid it's time to finish now.
We'll have to stop here.
There's the bell. It's time to stop.
That's all for today. You can go now.

2. Not time to stop.
The bell hasn't gone yet.
There are still two minutes to go.
We still have a couple ofminutes left.
The lesson doesn't finish till five past.
Your watch must be fast.
We seem to have finished early.
We have an extra five minutes.
Sit quietly until the bell goes.

3. Wait a minute
Hang on a moment.
Just hold on a moment.
Stay where you are for a moment.
Just a moment, please.
One more thing before you go.
Back to your places.

4. Next time
We'll do the rest of this chapter next time.
We'll finish this exercise next lesson.
We've run out of time, so we'll continue next lesson.
We'll continue this chapter next Monday.

5. Homework
This is your homework for tonight.
Do exercise 10 on page 23 for your homework.
Prepare the next chapter for Monday.
There is no homework tonight.
Remember your homework.
Take a worksheet as you leave.

6. Goodbye
Goodbye, everyone.
See you again next Wednesday.
See you tomorrow afternoon.
See you in room 7 after the break.
Have a good holiday.
Enjoy your vacation..

7. Leaving the room
Get into a queue.   Get into a line..
Form a queue and wait for the bell.
Everybody outside!
All of you, get outside now!
Hurry up and get out!
try not to make any noise as you leave.
Be quiet as you leave. Other classes are still working.

The language of spontaneous situations

Here are some common situations in which spontaneous English can be used:

Happy birthday!.
Many returns (of the day).
..... has his/her 12th birthday today.
... is eleven today. Let's sing "Happy Birthday".
I hope you all have a good Christmas.
All the best for the New Year.
Best of luck.
I hope you pass.
Well done!
Never mind.
Better luck next time..
Who's not here today?
Who isn't here?
What's wrong with ... today?
Do you feel better today?
Are you better now?
Have you been ill?
What was the matter?
I'm sorry (about that).
Sorry, that was my fault.
I'm terribly sorry.
Excuse me for a moment.
I'll be back in a moment.
Carry on with the exercise while I'm away.
I've got to go next door for a moment.
Excuse me.
Could I get past please?
You're blocking the way.
I can't get past you.
Get out of the way, please.
I'm afraid I can't speak any louder.
I seem to be losing my voice.
I have a sore throat.
I have a headache.
I'm feeling under the weather.
Do you mind if I sit down?

Classroom management
Here are some common situations in which classroom management is needed:

Make groups of four.
Move your desks into groups of four people.
Turn your desks around.
Make a horseshoe shape with your desks.
Make a circle with your desks.
Make a line of desks facing each other.
Make groups of four desks facing each other.
Sit back to back.
Work together with your friend
Find a partner
Work in pairs/threes/fours/fives.
Work in groups of two/three/four.
I want you to form groups.
Form groups of three
Here are some tasks for you to work on in groups of four.
There are too many in this group.
Can you join the other group?
Only three people in each group.
I asked for four people to a group.
Everybody work individually
Work by yourselves.
Work independently.
Ask your neighbor for help.
Work on the task together.
Ask other people in the group
Ask others in the class.
Interview someone else.
Ask everyone in the class.
Stand up and find another partner.
Have you finished?
Do the next activity.
Move on to the next activity.

Giving instructions

Open your books at page 52
Come out and write it on the board
Listen to the tape, please
Get into groups of four
Finish off this song at home
Let's sing a song.
Everybody, please.
All together now.
The whole class, please.
I want you all to join in
Could you try the next one?
I would like you to write this down.
Would you mind switching the lights on?
It might be an idea to leave this till next time.
Who would like to read?
Which topic will your group report on?
Do you want to answer question 3?

First of all, today, ...
Right. Now we will go on to the next exercise.
Have you finished?
For the last thing today, let's ...
Whose turn is it to read?
Which question are you on?
Next one, please.
Who hasn't answered yet?
Let me explain what I want you to do next.
The idea of this exercise is for you to ...
You have ten minutes to do this.
Your time is up.
Finish this by twenty to eleven.
Can you all see the board?
Have you found the place?
Are you all ready?
Look this way.
Stop talking.
Listen to what ... is saying.
Leave that alone now.
Asking questions
Where's Min-su?
Is Min-su in the kitchen?
Tell me where Min-su is.
What was the house like?
What do you think?
How can you tell?

Responding to questions
Yes, that's right
Almost. Try again.
What about this word?

What's the Korean for "doll"?
Explain it in your own words.
It's spelt with a capital "J".
Can anybody correct this sentence?
Fill in the missing words.
Mark the right alternative.
After they left the USA, the Beatles ...
The church was started in the last century.
This is a picture of a typically English castle.
In the background you can see ...
While we're on the subject, ...
As I said earlier, ...
Let me sum up.

Affective attitudes
That's interesting!
That really is very kind of you.
Don't worry about it.
I was a bit disappointed with your efforts.

Social ritual
Good morning.
Cheerio now.
God bless!
Have a nice weekend.
Thanks for your help

Error correction
Here are some phrases that can be used when giving feedback to students:

Very good
Well done
That's nice
I like that
You did a great job.
Great stuff

Quite right
That's right.
That's it.
That's correct
That's quite right.
Yes, you've got it.
You've got the idea.
It depends
It might be, I suppose
In a way, perhaps
Sort of , yes.
That's more like it
That's much better
That's a lot better
You've improved a lot
Not really
Unfortunately not
I'm afraid that's not quite right
You can't say that, I'm afraid
you can't use that word here
Good try, but not quite right
Have another try
Not quite right. Try again.
Not exactly
You were almost right.
That's almost it
You're halfway there
You've almost got it
You're on the right lines
There's no need to rush
There's no hurry
We have plenty of time
Go on. Have a try
Have a go
Have a guess
There's nothing wrong with your answer.
What you said was perfectly all right.
You didn't make a single mistake.
That's exactly the point.
That's just what I was looking for.
Don't worry about your pronunciation.
Don't worry about your spelling.
Don't worry, it'll improve
Maybe this will help you
Do you want a clue (hint)?
You have good pronunciation.
Your pronunciation is very good.
You are communicating well.
You speak very fluently.
You have made a lot of progress.
You still have some trouble with pronunciation.
You need more practice with these words.
You'll have to spend some time practising this.
You're getting better at it all the time.
You've improved no end.